Anemia is one of the most common diseases in infants and young children. The disease is caused by a decrease in the level of hemoglobin (an oxygen-depleting iron in the blood cells of the red blood cells).


At birth, the newborn's blood contains hemoglobin (hgb), which is required for fetal life. Postpartum second, the third day after baby has the highest level of hgb. This is followed by different physiological processes - faster fetal hgb accumulation, infant weight gain, increase in pelvic volume - gradually decreasing. 8 to 12. he will sell it.

Selected reasons

Decreased hgb levels in premature or ill neonates comes sooner. This is all due to the disease, and the repetitive bloodshed. Following the breakpoint, hgb values ​​rise gradually and reach adulthood at the end of adolescence. Men have a higher hgb than women.
Causes of anemia include inadequate iron absorption - which is a concomitant of certain diseases - and a form of blood loss. The latter can also occur in the neonatal period. Blood loss can be caused by invisible, often laboratory-only, testicular haemorrhage (especially if it has been present for a long time). There may be different levels of blood starvation, however, poisoning can also cause anemia (for example, lead). Blood cell counts can also cause anemia. The most common cause is inadequate iron intake. There are several factors that can play a role in this.
The increased need for body weight gain began. Especially in infancy and adolescence, when growth is fastest. The other reason is malnutrition. Early weaning can also cause iron deficiency, since iron is more easily absorbed from breast milk than infant formulas. (The formulas are mostly ironed.)
Cow's milk is low in iron, and vegetarian nutrition can be a cause of disease later in life.


The ailment often with mild symptoms is happening, so we don't always recognize it. However, fetal anemia can lead to reduced ability to resist the development of infants. Even in the context of insufficient weight gain or weight, there is always a suspicion of anemia. It is important to keep in mind also in case of recurrent illnesses, because the reduced ability to resist infections makes the body more susceptible to infections, which leads to a disease process. Given that iron is much more lйtfontossбgъ enzyme, its deficiency affects the entire body. It may lead to irritability, delayed development, and impaired functioning of the nervous system. It may cause problems with cognitive function in the later stages of life. Larger children produce fatigue, reduced physical activity, and possibly attention problems. In case of severe anemia, increased heart rate, thirst, dyspnoea, dyspnoea may also occur. The severity of the symptoms depends on how quickly the anemia develops.When iron deficiency develops slowly and gradually, the body becomes accustomed to lower levels of hgb, and the rapid onset of the deficiency can lead to severe blood loss. A poor child is pale (but by and large, everyone who is pale is also a poor child!). The palate is most noticeable on the mucous membranes of the mucous membranes, the glans, and the palms.

Mixed nutrition

Iron deficiency and anemia it can and must be prevented. This can be achieved with proper mixed nutrition.
Infants and toddlers in development need high iron foods: frogs, green vegetables, fruits. The treatment of anemia is definitely a medical task. It is true that iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia, but in addition, there may be several diseases in the back. Today, there are many prescription drugs available in iron. If you want to give this kind of a gift to your child, ask your pediatrician first.
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